Political Science Left-Right Wing Explained!

The First Dimension we can think of as an Economic Left-Right dimension, This dimension is concerned with how far the state or the political majority should intervene in the economic freedoms of its citizens, it is comprised of issues such as attitudes towards the welfare state, Taxation and market regulation, where the left believes the majority should intervene while the right believe that the majority should not be able to intervene.

The Second dimension is a social left-right dimension, this is concerned with how far the state or the political majority should intervene in the social freedoms of its citizens, it is comprised of issues such as minority rights, lifestyle of its citizens. it is comprised of issues such as minority rights, life style choices and post material issues, here the left tends to advocate the belief that the majority should not intervene in the social freedoms of its citizens while the right is more in favour of social intervention, as such the degree of intervention advocated by a person who places on the left of a left right dimension will depend on whatever they are considering the economic or the social dimension, therefore these two dimensions cut across each other rather than lying on top of each other.

to appreciate the usefulness of locating political preferences in two dimensions it it is apposite to look at how such an approach locates the classical political ideologies, for our purposes we can think of an ideology as a coherent worldview about how the world or a society should be organised, which in turn shapes a person’s specific preferences on individual issues.

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